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Memo from State
Mental Health and Some Other Health Bills
Elections & Campaign Regulations
Ethics Bills
Action - Get Out Your Pen and Send a Postcard
Testimony: Various Proposed Bills on Campaign Financing (Alice Scott)
Testimony: Ethics/Standards of Conduct Bills (Alice Scott)
Testimony: Senate Committee on Public Employment (Alice Scott)
Testimony: Public Health, Youth and Welfare (Gretel McLane)
Current Trends in Education: The Voucher System...
Study of Educational Complex Proto-Types
Testimony: House Education Committee (Helen Tamashiro)

Testimony presented to House Committee on Public Health, Youth, and Welfare HB #69 February 26, 1971

Chairman and members of the Committee:

My name is Gretel McLane, and I represent the League of Women Voters of Hawaii. I am appearing in support of the air quality standards expressed in House Bill #69.

The League has recently completed its study of air pollution, and it is the consensus of its members that one element which should be included in all standards is an adequate margin of safety. The proposed standards in House Bill #69 offer the necessary margin of safety which is lacking in both the new national ambient air standards and the unofficial proposed standards of the state Department of Health, We know that federal criteria for various pollutants are continually being revised--almost always downwards-as new discoveries of long-term or synergistic effects are made, and that much, probably most, is not known concerning these effects. I quote from the Air Quality Criteria document for Photochemical Oxidants, put out by the U.S. Dept of Health, Education and Welfare:

"It is reasonable and prudent to conclude that, when promulgating ambient air quality standards, consideration should be given to requirements for margins of safety that would take into account possible effects on health, vegetation, and materials that might occur below the lowest of the above levels." (The "above" levels being the minimum levels at which adverse effects on health and sensitive vegetation were observed.)"

The standards in House Bill #69 for the most part represent amounts of pollutants which are smaller than are presently in the air, and thus to conform to them would mean cleaning up our present situation. Honolulu has smog now. '!e feel that these standards would cause us all--government, industry and public--to work for a smog-free Hawaii, whereas to permit the Department of Health to set standards at present or higher levels of pollution would be to insure that Hawaii would have smog forever.

Keeping in mind that the private automobile is the chief contributor to air pollution in the state, we, as members of the public, are ready to support whatever measures are necessary to assure that these standards are met, and we feel sure that this readiness is shared by numerous other community organizations and individuals throughout the state.

In connection with these air quality standards, the League of Women Voters supports increasing the penalty for violation of the rules, regulations or standards from $500 to $5,Q00 per day.

Finally in addition to the section on air quality standards, we support the provision which would grant the individual standing in court to prevent or correct potential or actual damage to the environment. This principle is included in the 1970 Amendments to the Clean Air Act and in the laws of several other states and would, we believe, benefit Hawaii.

We are not prepared at this time to speak to the other provisions of House Bill #69 but we are by no means opposed to these measures.

Thank you.

Gretel McLane

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